QQ Online

Gambling is a roaring business all over the world today. People will always endeavor to look for the easy way to make more money quickly. When you add the convenience and the globalizing effect of the internet it is easy to see why gambling online is on the increase.

When one engages in gambling through the use of the World Wide Web, it becomes easier to access casinos and participate in gambling activities without leaving the comfort of one’s home or office. Only a few things are necessary really, to be able to engage in the practice. http://199.30.55.94/ One is required among other things to have a fully functional computer, a good internet connection, a credit card account, and some money in an account that is recognized worldwide. Then one can easily begin to have some fun on the internet.

This industry takes on many forms. To start with, there are state-sponsored online lotteries. These set-ups encourage people to buy lottery tickets with the lure of winning lots of money as the grand prize. Apart from providing individuals with the opportunity to win huge amounts of money, these lotteries are also run with the objective of generating revenue for the state. The government usually tightly regulates the industry to protect itself from external rivalry.

There are normal online casinos, which are similar to real physical casinos in the type of activities that they carry out except that online casinos exist online. The very same games played in the physical casinos are the ones played in the online casinos. Also the manner of playing is similar as the players play against the casino house.

The same games are played in online casinos as in physical casinos, with games such as virtual roulette machines and virtual slot machines being available. The objective is always to beat the casino into giving you its money which is referred to as winnings. There are some situations when a player can win the casino house however, the aim of these casinos is to make money therefore, you really have to be good in order to keep winning.

There are a number of issues to consider with the industry. First there are legal issues which govern the practice of gambling in various countries. Different countries have different laws regarding gambling. Some island nations have sanctioned the practice while others have banned it entirely. Others still allow for certain liberties while at the same time restricting others.

There are some potential pitfalls that may arise if one is new gambling online. One needs to be very certain that the casino house one has selected is in actual fact, a genuine casino house. This is because the internet is ground for conmen to exploit unsuspecting persons. An individual would be wise to check if the casino has been endorsed by a highly regarded auditing organization before launching into the world of online gambling.

The Most Complete Online Gambling Game

If you have ever been to Vegas then you know how fun and exciting gambling can be. What you may not know is that you can achieve the same excitement from the comfort of your own home through the wonderful world of gambling online. With online gambling you can play all of your favorite casino gambling games twenty-four hours a day. All you need is a computer and an Internet connection!

Online casinos offer every casino game you can think of from slot machines and video poker to roulette, baccarat, blackjack and keno. You can even play multi-player games like craps, poker and backgammon online against other real players around the globe. When you play multi-player online casino games you can even chat live and make lasting friendships with other gambling enthusiasts from all over the world!

Online casino software emulates real casino games so accurately that when you play online in an Internet casino you may even forget that you aren’t actually in the Luxor or Caesar’s Palace! All of the online slot machines are computer versions of actual casino slots and all of the other casino games are incredibly realistic.

The best part about the online casino experience is the huge jackpots! With Internet gambling you can make money in your spare time while having fun at the same time! No matter what you favorite casino game is you can play it online for giant prizes. Slot machines with progressive jackpots pay out thousands of dollars and you can win just as much in no-limit poker rooms, blackjack games, craps games and more!

If joining an online casino sounds like fun to you it’s easy to get started! Once you have chosen an online casino you can get started playing in minutes! However, the first step is to choose a casino that’s right for you.

The main thing to look for when you are looking for an online casino site is their game offering. There are hundreds of casino games out there-different slot variations, card game variations and more-and not all online casinos offer every game. Therefore you need to think about which games you want to play and make sure that the casino you choose offers all of your favorite games. Once you have found a casino online that offers your favorite games you are ready to sign up.

To sign up for an online casino all you have to do is download their casino game software and you can start playing. If you want to play casino games for money you will have to make a deposit in order to bet on your games. Many online casinos even offer fantastic deals and bonuses for new members that will match your deposit and others even offer no-deposit free money bonuses for new members or free slot machine spins to help you get started.

Once you have started playing casino games online you will immediately understand why Internet casino gaming is so popular. Online casinos are so fun and exciting-you’ll wonder why you waited so long to sign up!

Gene Marshall specializes in writings about an online casino judi slot online and casino gambling. He is a skilled online casino enthusiast who writes for a few renowned casino sites. Extra info and articles that were written by Gene Marshall related to internet casino are accessible on the web.

Gambling Online

When you are playing gambling online, there are some important things that you should always keep in mind. These are basically the etiquettes of online gambling. The most important thing is that you must be of 18 years of age or above if you want to play online gambling and casino.

There are many people who without having this knowledge delve their hands into the online gambling world. However, the truth is that the person must be 18 years or above. Otherwise his membership can be terminated by website once caught. This is a very important rule that everybody should know and as well as follow.

Breaking the rules is showing disrespect to the website and also other people who enjoy gambling online. There are various kinds of fun activities that the children can indulge them into rather than going for online gambling games. A large number of games can be played online through the various online gambling gaming sites.

It is not right to pressurize someone to play online gambling. It can lead to financial harm as well as in extreme cases emotional stress in a person. If you like playing it, you can always do that rather than motivating others to play it. There are a large number of sites where one can play gambling without any money investment.

You should always remember that you must play online gambling only if you are an expert into the field. Besides, you must know the various techniques of how to win the match as a loss can be very big at times. As compared to live casinos, online casino and gambling does not have that huge pressure to put forward large bets.

You should never harass other players while playing an online gambling game. This will make them to leave that site. You should behave properly while playing the game. While conversing with others, it is essential that you behave in a polite way with them and at the same time concentrate on the game.

You should be fully acquainted with the rules of the game. You can make your start with free games that are available online. It is important that you maintain the courtesy of the game. To be successful in the game, you should pay attention while playing. Try to learn about the game from experts.

Follow the etiquettes properly while you are playing a gambling game online.

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Fruit Gift Baskets

I have been studying gift basket designs over the past few months and wonder why there is such a difference in gift basket designs between the US and the UK. Let’s break it down by how each of these countries designs their baskets.

In the US gift baskets are gorgeous with lots of embellishments and obviously a lot of thought goes into the design and layout of a gift basket. Gift basket designers in the US have a fantastic understanding of what will work in a basket and what won’t  trái cây nhập khẩu Many designers will design their baskets around themes and finish them off with wonderful embellishments and hand crafted bows. They also work with fantastic baskets and containers. US gift basket designers also put a lot of emphasis on the fan of the basket. Generally they consider all aspects of the basket, from the container, the shred, the contents, embellishments, cellophane wrap, the bow and the fan. In short most American gift basket designers take great pride in the presentation of their baskets and it definitely shows.

In the UK there are many gift basket suppliers – I say suppliers rather than designers as unlike their American counterparts, most gift baskets on sale in the UK do not have the same quality or artistic flair as gift baskets designed by Americans. Many baskets are ill thought out where many suppliers add chocolates and fragrance items in the same basket without any thought to the fact that the fragrance can contaminate the chocolate. I don’t know about you but I prefer my chocolates to taste like chocolate and not scented candle. There is also very little thought goes into the container or the bow for that matter.

So lets break this up starting from the container right through to the fan (or bottom to top if you will)

Containers:

US – Fantastic containers in all different shapes, sizes and colours

UK – Wicker tray, bread baskets or handled baskets

Us wins this hands down. Having a fabulous container that can be used after the gift has been opened and the contents used, means that you will be able to sell gift baskets over and over again to the same customer. After all who wants 10 bread baskets or handled baskets. But if you have a container that has other uses, then the basket or container becomes part of the gift as it should do.

Shred:

US – They are not afraid of using shred and tend to pile their baskets high with shred. This helps to stabilise your contents and also gives a fuller finish to the basket.

UK – Some UK suppliers will fill their baskets with shred, but there are so many that use shred sparingly, leaving the basket looking empty and makes one wonder how the contents are stabilised.

Contents:

US – Gift designers from the US are very good at not only choosing the contents of their baskets, but are skilled at displaying them as well.

UK – Little thought goes into contents of a basket, with foodstuffs and bath products often being mixed. The Brits also have not mastered the skill of displaying their products in an appealing manner. Many tend to lay their items flat in a basket rather than build the basket up.

Embellishments:

US – Designers love to use embellishments in their baskets, These turn the gift basket from something rather average into something fabulous. Embellishments also help to fill gaps in baskets.

UK – Very few UK suppliers use embellishments in their baskets, many leave gaps in their baskets, leaving the basket looking empty.

Cellophane Wrap:

US – US designers tend to finish baskets using shrink wrap bags, clear and patterned cellophane and other sheer materials.

UK – Most UK suppliers use cellophane wrap as opposed to shrink wrap bags. Although mostly clear, sometimes patterned cellophane is used.

Bow:

US – US designers very often use hand crafted bows. They do use pull bows from time to time, but most bows are hand tied and give the basket a fantastic finish.

UK – Most UK suppliers use pull bows and I have come across very few if any that create their own bows.

Fan:

US – Designers tend to fan out the top of the basket leaving the basket with a neat and fantastic looking finish.

UK – I am not even sure if UK suppliers know what the fan is, to be honest. I have seen so many baskets just tied off with a pull bow and mounds of cellophane just bunched at the top. Very little thought seems to go into the overall finish.

In conclusion, I believe from the above analysis that the Brits can learn a lot from our American counterparts. I wonder why it is that the Brits do not put more thought into their gift baskets. Is it lack of creativity, lack of knowledge or (dare I say it) laziness? Perhaps it is just the easy way out and in our ignorance we do not realise that it really does not take long to design a great gift basket. I have practised the American techniques and can now put a fabulous gift basket together in 10 minutes or less. Brits really need to take a page out of the book of our American counterparts and start producing gift baskets that will amaze our customers.

Quality online gambling casinos like new customers

For centuries, people enjoyed gambling. From betting on camel races, horse races, elephant races, to betting on card games and board games, you will see that gambling is really a part of human culture. Today, you will see all sorts of gambling.  DominoQQ Online You will see casinos with all the popular gambling games, such as Texas Hold ‘Em Poker, Roulette, Black Jack, and slot machines, and you will also see horse races and even dog races. In fact, gambling is so popular that there are also online gambling websites and software that caters to a lot of gamblers from all over the world.

The great thing about online betting is that it can give you as much fun as traditional gambling, and it can also let you win real money. From online casinos to online sports betting, you will see all sorts of gambling in the internet. All you have to do is choose the type of gambling that appeals to you, place your bets and wait for the results.

Online gambling and online casinos are so popular nowadays that you will see jackpots that can amount up to 25 years worth of salary. With just a click of the mouse, you will have a chance in winning the jackpot. All you need is a credit card or a debit card and you will be able to bet.

The great thing about online betting is that you don’t actually need to travel to casinos in order to gamble. Before the internet and online gambling was established, people had to travel to Las Vegas and Atlantic City just to gamble. Today, thanks to the internet and the establishment of online gambling websites, people are now able to gamble right at the comforts of their own home. In fact, you will be able to find people from different parts of the world gambling in the internet.

However, before you start gambling online, always be prudent when it comes to betting. Never gamble with borrowed cash. Only gamble if you have the extra cash for it. Besides, you have to consider that countless people have become bankrupt because of gambling and also accumulated a lot of credit card debt because of borrowing more than they can afford to pay back.

Always remember that betting can become addictive. The simple thrill of winning money is enough to get you hooked in gambling. So, always be careful whenever you are gambling. If you are starting to lose, stop playing and think about what you are going through.

You have to remember that studies have found that gambling makes the human brain react like it does with drugs and food. Always set limits to the amount of money to bet in one gambling session. By setting this limit and strictly sticking to it, you will be able to control the urge of betting more and more money which will eventually lead you to losing it.

It is important to remember that you can never beat the house. The longer you stay online to gamble, the more likely that house will end up winning. If you think that the amount of money you won is enough for one day, then stop and cash in your winnings. The same applies to losing.

These are the things that you have to remember about online betting. Although it is a lot of fun and exciting, you have to remember that it can also be dangerous as it is very addictive. Gambling is primarily entertainment but it can be a way to make some cash. If you lose the amount of money you set aside you could afford to lose, stop.

DOMINOQQ ONLINE DI RAJAQQ YANG PALING POPULER

Thousands of people everyday participate in some form of gambling online. But what makes playing online casino games from the comfort of home so popular with people of all ages and backgrounds? The following article will examine how internet gambling has become a 12 billion dollar industry and why so many people who have never played in a live casino enjoy gambling games.

One of the main reasons why people play at online casinos is the convenience. After opening an online casino account, you can gamble anywhere at any time providing you have access to a computer with an internet connection. You can play alone and retain your anonymity when you play online – something that can be difficult to do at live casinos.

You can also eliminate the unwanted hassles associated with live casinos from your gaming experience. Have you ever visited a live casino and been DominoQQ dismayed by the noise, cigarette smoke or the price of refreshments? Have you experienced problems parking your car? Or have you been forced to take a seat next to a person you really don’t like? When you play at an internet casino, these hassles are all in the past. You will save money on tips and refreshments and be able to focus solely on your game and not on the person next door.

You’ll also be able to play for longer thanks to the huge range of bonus offers and free casino cash you’ll earn as a new member. Some online gambling firms offer first time deposit bonuses of up to 150 percent of a player’s deposit and ongoing opportunities to win extra cash. Many also run special VIP programs for returning customers which feature regular competions, sweepstakes, entry into tournaments and loyalty points that are redeemable at affiliate sites. These bonuses are commonplace in the industry, which is far more competitive than the land-based gaming market. So why not take advantage of the free cash you’ll receive when you make your first online casino deposit? After all, this is something you will never find at a land-based casino!

Most casino online firms are constantly looking for ways to add value for money to their customers’ gaming experiences. New games are being developed each month by top gaming software providers. So if you’re a slots fan or enjoy playing the latest video poker variations, internet gambling will always offer something fresh and new. Tournaments are also a great way to improve your skills and win titles as well as cash. Poker tournaments are the most popular events online and players who perform well can even win seats to live poker tournaments such as the Caribbean Classic and the World Series of Poker competitions.

So why not take advantage of all these perks and start playing? If you want to try out an internet casino, it’s easy to get started. You can choose to download the site’s online casino software or you can skip the download and play live using Flash or Java technology. Whichever way you play, you’re sure to have a unique experience.

Gene Marshall writes articles about an online casino and a casino bonus The author is online casino pro who works for a few popular online casino sites. Other articles written by Gene Marshall related to internet casino are available online.

Are Big Box Gift Baskets Really A Bargain?

Christmas is fast approaching, with the inevitable; “What am I going to get them?” dilemmas. Are you tired of fumbling around with tape, ribbons and those tired old cardboard boxes? For your next gift-giving occasion, why not tap into your  creative wellspring and craft a customized, unique, one of a kind gift that is both fun to make and highly appreciated.
hộp quà tặng  I am talking about a themed gift basket.

Themed gift baskets take a bit of time and some creativity, but the thoughtfulness of the gift will not be lost upon the recipient.

If you should decide to go this gift-giving route, it is very important that you go all the way and design a gift worthy of kings or just your picky mother-in-law. What I mean is – don’t just throw one together and call it a day. Commit to it with enthusiasm and you will enjoy designing it as much as they enjoy receiving it.

Many people’s perception, including mine, of a gift basket was of a round wicker basket filled with chocolates, coffees and some funny looking candies with strange names – not anymore. Wicker is so 1980’s. Now anything with a reasonable opening

can be used a basket — gift bags, crates, watering cans, wooden boxes, small furniture & baby carriages. If it can hold stuff, it can be a basket.

So, with this in mind, the first order of business is to determine the topic of your gift basket. Do this by analyzing the recipient’s tastes and hobbies to come up with a central theme. Common themes include sports; hobbies like reading, gardening, fishing or cooking; parenting and pet lovers.

Once a theme is settled upon, keep it consistent. For example my mother likes reading financial books, so for Christmas, one year, I bought her a small bookshelf, flipped it on it’s side and filled it with several books, a book light, a magazine

subscription, a custom bookmark and several gourmet snacks. I then holidayed it with a little ribbon. She loved it.

A gift for a young child could start off with a red wagon filled with more toys themed for kids “on the go”. A football buff could receive a cooler with his favorite team’s team logo on it. Then stuff it with jerseys, tickets, maybe an autographed football; really just let your imagination go.

If you’re not sure about themed gift baskets, try it with a friend’s gift first, to build up your confidence. After you see their positive reaction you will really find themed gift basket giving very appealing.

Maybe you’ll get the gift basket bug and decide that the rest of the world should bear the fruits of your passion by starting your own gift basket business. Now that would make for a nice Christmas!

Make Your Life Easier With A Junk Removal Service

If you need some extra help cleaning up around the home or just want to get unwanted items out of the way quickly, then a junk removal service could be the perfect solution. Hiring a junk removal service is the best way to get rid of all those unwanted bits and pieces you have lying around the home that you just don’t have the time to shift. Maybe you have a fridge or a chest of drawers that needs disposing of and just don’t have the manpower to do it; you need the extra help of a good junk removal service.

It can be really stressful, not to mention tiring to have to lug large pieces of furniture back and forth on your own so why not make those dreaded clean-up cheap junk removal services projects quick and painless. A junk removal service will come along and clean up your home or business in an instant, all you need to do is to decide what needs to go.

The process is simple, just call your chosen trash removal service and they will come and remove any unwanted items from your yard, garage, office or whatever needs cleaning up. They will do all the lifting and carrying for you so you don’t need to worry about collecting all the junk together if it is difficult to move. When you call a junk service, a team of strong workers will turn up and be ready to work for you. You tell them what needs to go and they set about removing it for you, it’s as easy as that. The junk will be out of your life for good and you don’t even need to do any heavy lifting!

Junk removal services can prove useful in a variety of different situations. They can speed up the clean up process after you’ve had building work done on your property, after you’ve done a spot of redecorating or they can help make spring cleaning a little less painful. Most junk hauling services will be familiar and equipped to handle large loads so don’t worry if you have lots of items to remove. No amount of junk is too much for a good junk removal service.

Cleaning up and removing junk is never a pleasant task, so why don’t you make it easier on yourself and get some help from a junk removal service. Moving house or having renovation work on your home can be stressful enough without having to deal with cleaning up all the unwanted junk. Whatever project you need help on, you can be sure that a good junk removal service will make your life so much easier and speed up the whole process, leaving you to concentrate on more important tasks. Don’t make a move or a big spring clean even harder than it needs to be, get someone to come in and ease the pressure for you.

If clutter is a big problem for you and your family then why not get someone in to clear it all away for good. Over the years it is easy to collect lots of bits and pieces that we don’t really need but hang on to “just in case.” De-cluttering your home is a great way to make a fresh start and throwing away all the junk can be extremely empowering. Whether you want to prepare your home for a sale or just fancy a fresh start, a junk removal service can help.

The sign of a good junk removal service is that you would never have known they had been there except for the lack of junk lying around. An experienced team of removal men should be sure to take away all unwanted junk, not leave any garbage lying around and work in a efficient but tidy manner. You shouldn’t need to worry about mucky footprints or mess after the removal men have left, all you should notice is the lack of junk and extra space you now have!

The Golden Rules for Booking Live Entertainment For Your Event

Does the film producer really need a film lawyer or entertainment attorney as a matter of professional practice? An entertainment lawyer’s own bias and my stacking of the question notwithstanding, which might naturally indicate a “yes” answer 100% of the time – the forthright answer is, “it depends”. A number of producers these days are themselves film lawyers, entertainment attorneys, or other types of lawyers, and so, often can take care of themselves. But the film producers to worry about, are the ones who act as if they are entertainment lawyers – but without a license or entertainment attorney legal experience to back it up. Filmmaking and motion picture practice comprise an industry wherein these days, unfortunately, “bluff” and “bluster” sometimes serve as substitutes for actual knowledge and experience. But “bluffed” documents and inadequate production procedures will never escape the trained eye of entertainment attorneys working for the studios, the distributors, the banks, or the errors-and-omissions (E&O) insurance carriers. For this reason alone, I suppose, the job function of film production counsel and entertainment lawyer is still secure.

I also suppose that there will always be a few lucky filmmakers who, throughout the entire production process, fly under the proverbial radar Entertainment  without entertainment attorney accompaniment. They will seemingly avoid pitfalls and liabilities like flying bats are reputed to avoid people’s hair. By way of analogy, one of my best friends hasn’t had any health insurance for years, and he is still in good shape and economically afloat – this week, anyway. Taken in the aggregate, some people will always be luckier than others, and some people will always be more inclined than others to roll the dice.

But it is all too simplistic and pedestrian to tell oneself that “I’ll avoid the need for film lawyers if I simply stay out of trouble and be careful”. An entertainment lawyer, especially in the realm of film (or other) production, can be a real constructive asset to a motion picture producer, as well as the film producer’s personally-selected inoculation against potential liabilities. If the producer’s entertainment attorney has been through the process of film production previously, then that entertainment lawyer has already learned many of the harsh lessons regularly dished out by the commercial world and the film business.

The film and entertainment lawyer can therefore spare the producer many of those pitfalls. How? By clear thinking, careful planning, and – this is the absolute key – skilled, thoughtful and complete documentation of all film production and related activity. The film lawyer should not be thought of as simply the person seeking to establish compliance. Sure, the entertainment lawyer may sometimes be the one who says “no”. But the entertainment attorney can be a positive force in the production as well.

The film lawyer can, in the course of legal representation, assist the producer as an effective business consultant, too. If that entertainment lawyer has been involved with scores of film productions, then the motion picture producer who hires that film lawyer entertainment attorney benefits from that very cache of experience. Yes, it sometimes may be difficult to stretch the film budget to allow for counsel, but professional filmmakers tend to view the legal cost expenditure to be a fixed, predictable, and necessary one – akin to the fixed obligation of rent for the production office, or the cost of film for the cameras. While some film and entertainment lawyers may price themselves out of the price range of the average independent film producer, other entertainment attorneys do not.

Enough generalities. For what specific tasks must a producer typically retain a film lawyer and entertainment attorney?:

1. INCORPORATION, OR FORMATION OF AN “LLC”: To paraphrase Michael Douglas’s Gordon Gekko character in the motion picture “Wall Street” when speaking to Bud Fox while on the morning beach on the oversized mobile phone, this entity-formation issue usually constitutes the entertainment attorney’s “wake-up call” to the film producer, telling the film producer that it is time. If the producer doesn’t properly create, file, and maintain a corporate or other appropriate entity through which to conduct business, and if the film producer doesn’t thereafter make every effort to keep that entity shielded, says the entertainment lawyer, then the film producer is potentially hurting himself or herself. Without the shield against liability that an entity can provide, the entertainment attorney opines, the motion picture producer’s personal assets (like house, car, bank account) are at risk and, in a worst-case scenario, could ultimately be seized to satisfy the debts and liabilities of the film producer’s business. In other words:

Patient: “Doctor, it hurts my head when I do that”.

Doctor: “So? Don’t do that”.

Like it or not, the film lawyer entertainment attorney continues, “Film is a speculative business, and the statistical majority of motion pictures can fail economically – even at the San Fernando Valley film studio level. It is irrational to run a film business or any other form of business out of one’s own personal bank account”. Besides, it looks unprofessional, a real concern if the producer wants to attract talent, bankers, and distributors at any point in the future.

The choices of where and how to file an entity are often prompted by entertainment lawyers but then driven by situation-specific variables, including tax concerns relating to the film or motion picture company sometimes. The film producer should let an entertainment attorney do it and do it correctly. Entity-creation is affordable. Good lawyers don’t look at incorporating a client as a profit-center anyway, because of the obvious potential for new business that an entity-creation brings. While the film producer should be aware that under U.S. law a client can fire his/her lawyer at any time at all, many entertainment lawyers who do the entity-creation work get asked to do further work for that same client – especially if the entertainment attorney bills the first job reasonably.

I wouldn’t recommend self-incorporation by a non-lawyer – any more than I would tell a film producer-client what actors to hire in a motion picture – or any more than I would tell a D.P.-client what lens to use on a specific film shot. As will be true on a film production set, everybody has their own job to do. And I believe that as soon as the producer lets a competent entertainment lawyer do his or her job, things will start to gel for the film production in ways that couldn’t even be originally foreseen by the motion picture producer.

2. SOLICITING INVESTMENT: This issue also often constitutes a wake-up call of sorts. Let’s say that the film producer wants to make a motion picture with other people’s money. (No, not an unusual scenario). The film producer will likely start soliciting funds for the movie from so-called “passive” investors in any number of possible ways, and may actually start collecting some monies as a result. Sometimes this occurs prior to the entertainment lawyer hearing about it post facto from his or her client.

If the film producer is not a lawyer, then the producer should not even think of “trying this at home”. Like it or not, the entertainment lawyer opines, the film producer will thereby be selling securities to people. If the producer promises investors some pie-in-the-sky results in the context of this inherently speculative business called film, and then collects money on the basis of that representation, believe me, the film producer will have even more grave problems than conscience to deal with. Securities compliance work is among the most difficult of matters faced by an entertainment attorney.

As both entertainment lawyers and securities lawyers will opine, botching a solicitation for film (or any other) investment can have severe and federally-mandated consequences. No matter how great the film script is, it’s never worth monetary fines and jail time – not to mention the veritable unspooling of the unfinished motion picture if and when the producer gets nailed. All the while, it is shocking to see how many ersatz film producers in the real world try to float their own “investment prospectus”, complete with boastful anticipated multipliers of the box office figures of the famed motion pictures “E.T.” and “Jurassic Park” combined. They draft these monstrosities with their own sheer creativity and imagination, but usually with no entertainment or film lawyer or other legal counsel. I’m sure that some of these producers think of themselves as “visionaries” while writing the prospectus. Entertainment attorneys and the rest of the bar, and bench, may tend to think of them, instead, as prospective ‘Defendants’.

Enough said.

3. DEALING WITH THE GUILDS: Let’s assume that the film producer has decided, even without entertainment attorney guidance yet, that the production entity will need to be a signatory to collective bargaining agreements of unions such as Screen Actors Guild (SAG), the Directors Guild (DGA), and/or the Writers Guild (WGA). This is a subject matter area that some film producers can handle themselves, particularly producers with experience. But if the film producer can afford it, the producer should consult with a film lawyer or entertainment lawyer prior to making even any initial contact with the guilds. The producer should certainly consult with an entertainment attorney or film lawyer prior to issuing any writings to the guilds, or signing any of their documents. Failure to plan out these guild issues with film or entertainment attorney counsel ahead of time, could lead to problems and expenses that sometimes make it cost-prohibitive to thereafter continue with the picture’s further production.

4. CONTRACTUAL AFFAIRS GENERALLY: A film production’s agreements should all be in writing, and not saved until the last minute, as any entertainment attorney will observe. It will be more expensive to bring film counsel in, late in the day – sort of like booking an airline flight a few days before the planned travel. A film producer should remember that a plaintiff suing for breach of a bungled contract might not only seek money for damages, but could also seek the equitable relief of an injunction (translation: “Judge, stop this production… stop this motion picture… stop this film… Cut!”).

A film producer does not want to suffer a back claim for talent compensation, or a disgruntled location-landlord, or state child labor authorities – threatening to enjoin or shut the motion picture production down for reasons that could have been easily avoided by careful planning, drafting, research, and communication with one’s film lawyer or entertainment lawyer. The movie production’s agreements should be drafted with care by the entertainment attorney, and should be customized to encompass the special characteristics of the production.

As an entertainment lawyer, I have seen non-lawyer film producers try to do their own legal drafting for their own pictures. As mentioned above, some few are lucky, and remain under the proverbial radar. But consider this: if the film producer sells or options the project, one of the first things that the film distributor or film buyer (or its own film and entertainment attorney counsel) will want to see, is the “chain of title” and development and production file, complete with all signed agreements. The production’s insurance carrier may also want to see these same documents. So might the guilds, too. And their entertainment lawyers. The documents must be written so as to survive the audience.

Therefore, for a film producer to try to improvise law, is simply to put many problems off for another day, as well as create an air of non-attorney amateurism to the production file. It will be less expensive for the film producer to attack all of these issues earlier as opposed to later, through use of a film lawyer or entertainment attorney. And the likelihood is that any self-respecting film attorney and entertainment lawyer is going to have to re-draft substantial parts (if not all) of the producer’s self-drafted production file, once he or she sees what the non-lawyer film producer has done to it on his or her own – and that translates into unfortunate and wasted expense. I would no sooner want my chiropractor to draft and negotiate his own filmed motion picture contracts, than I would put myself on his table and try to crunch through my own adjustments. Furthermore, I wouldn’t do half of the chiropractic adjustment myself, and then call the chiropractor into the examining room to finish what I had started. (I use the chiropractic motif only to spare you the cliché of “performing surgery on oneself”).

There are many other reasons for retaining a film lawyer and entertainment attorney for motion picture work, and space won’t allow all of them. But the above-listed ones are the big ones.

I also suppose that there will always be a few lucky filmmakers who, throughout the entire production process, fly under the proverbial radar Entertainment  without entertainment attorney accompaniment. They will seemingly avoid pitfalls and liabilities like flying bats are reputed to avoid people’s hair. By way of analogy, one of my best friends hasn’t had any health insurance for years, and he is still in good shape and economically afloat – this week, anyway. Taken in the aggregate, some people will always be luckier than others, and some people will always be more inclined than others to roll the dice.

But it is all too simplistic and pedestrian to tell oneself that “I’ll avoid the need for film lawyers if I simply stay out of trouble and be careful”. An entertainment lawyer, especially in the realm of film (or other) production, can be a real constructive asset to a motion picture producer, as well as the film producer’s personally-selected inoculation against potential liabilities. If the producer’s entertainment attorney has been through the process of film production previously, then that entertainment lawyer has already learned many of the harsh lessons regularly dished out by the commercial world and the film business.

The film and entertainment lawyer can therefore spare the producer many of those pitfalls. How? By clear thinking, careful planning, and – this is the absolute key – skilled, thoughtful and complete documentation of all film production and related activity. The film lawyer should not be thought of as simply the person seeking to establish compliance. Sure, the entertainment lawyer may sometimes be the one who says “no”. But the entertainment attorney can be a positive force in the production as well.

The film lawyer can, in the course of legal representation, assist the producer as an effective business consultant, too. If that entertainment lawyer has been involved with scores of film productions, then the motion picture producer who hires that film lawyer entertainment attorney benefits from that very cache of experience. Yes, it sometimes may be difficult to stretch the film budget to allow for counsel, but professional filmmakers tend to view the legal cost expenditure to be a fixed, predictable, and necessary one – akin to the fixed obligation of rent for the production office, or the cost of film for the cameras. While some film and entertainment lawyers may price themselves out of the price range of the average independent film producer, other entertainment attorneys do not.

Enough generalities. For what specific tasks must a producer typically retain a film lawyer and entertainment attorney?:

1. INCORPORATION, OR FORMATION OF AN “LLC”: To paraphrase Michael Douglas’s Gordon Gekko character in the motion picture “Wall Street” when speaking to Bud Fox while on the morning beach on the oversized mobile phone, this entity-formation issue usually constitutes the entertainment attorney’s “wake-up call” to the film producer, telling the film producer that it is time. If the producer doesn’t properly create, file, and maintain a corporate or other appropriate entity through which to conduct business, and if the film producer doesn’t thereafter make every effort to keep that entity shielded, says the entertainment lawyer, then the film producer is potentially hurting himself or herself. Without the shield against liability that an entity can provide, the entertainment attorney opines, the motion picture producer’s personal assets (like house, car, bank account) are at risk and, in a worst-case scenario, could ultimately be seized to satisfy the debts and liabilities of the film producer’s business. In other words:

Patient: “Doctor, it hurts my head when I do that”.

Doctor: “So? Don’t do that”.

Like it or not, the film lawyer entertainment attorney continues, “Film is a speculative business, and the statistical majority of motion pictures can fail economically – even at the San Fernando Valley film studio level. It is irrational to run a film business or any other form of business out of one’s own personal bank account”. Besides, it looks unprofessional, a real concern if the producer wants to attract talent, bankers, and distributors at any point in the future.

The choices of where and how to file an entity are often prompted by entertainment lawyers but then driven by situation-specific variables, including tax concerns relating to the film or motion picture company sometimes. The film producer should let an entertainment attorney do it and do it correctly. Entity-creation is affordable. Good lawyers don’t look at incorporating a client as a profit-center anyway, because of the obvious potential for new business that an entity-creation brings. While the film producer should be aware that under U.S. law a client can fire his/her lawyer at any time at all, many entertainment lawyers who do the entity-creation work get asked to do further work for that same client – especially if the entertainment attorney bills the first job reasonably.

I wouldn’t recommend self-incorporation by a non-lawyer – any more than I would tell a film producer-client what actors to hire in a motion picture – or any more than I would tell a D.P.-client what lens to use on a specific film shot. As will be true on a film production set, everybody has their own job to do. And I believe that as soon as the producer lets a competent entertainment lawyer do his or her job, things will start to gel for the film production in ways that couldn’t even be originally foreseen by the motion picture producer.

2. SOLICITING INVESTMENT: This issue also often constitutes a wake-up call of sorts. Let’s say that the film producer wants to make a motion picture with other people’s money. (No, not an unusual scenario). The film producer will likely start soliciting funds for the movie from so-called “passive” investors in any number of possible ways, and may actually start collecting some monies as a result. Sometimes this occurs prior to the entertainment lawyer hearing about it post facto from his or her client.

If the film producer is not a lawyer, then the producer should not even think of “trying this at home”. Like it or not, the entertainment lawyer opines, the film producer will thereby be selling securities to people. If the producer promises investors some pie-in-the-sky results in the context of this inherently speculative business called film, and then collects money on the basis of that representation, believe me, the film producer will have even more grave problems than conscience to deal with. Securities compliance work is among the most difficult of matters faced by an entertainment attorney.

As both entertainment lawyers and securities lawyers will opine, botching a solicitation for film (or any other) investment can have severe and federally-mandated consequences. No matter how great the film script is, it’s never worth monetary fines and jail time – not to mention the veritable unspooling of the unfinished motion picture if and when the producer gets nailed. All the while, it is shocking to see how many ersatz film producers in the real world try to float their own “investment prospectus”, complete with boastful anticipated multipliers of the box office figures of the famed motion pictures “E.T.” and “Jurassic Park” combined. They draft these monstrosities with their own sheer creativity and imagination, but usually with no entertainment or film lawyer or other legal counsel. I’m sure that some of these producers think of themselves as “visionaries” while writing the prospectus. Entertainment attorneys and the rest of the bar, and bench, may tend to think of them, instead, as prospective ‘Defendants’.

Enough said.

3. DEALING WITH THE GUILDS: Let’s assume that the film producer has decided, even without entertainment attorney guidance yet, that the production entity will need to be a signatory to collective bargaining agreements of unions such as Screen Actors Guild (SAG), the Directors Guild (DGA), and/or the Writers Guild (WGA). This is a subject matter area that some film producers can handle themselves, particularly producers with experience. But if the film producer can afford it, the producer should consult with a film lawyer or entertainment lawyer prior to making even any initial contact with the guilds. The producer should certainly consult with an entertainment attorney or film lawyer prior to issuing any writings to the guilds, or signing any of their documents. Failure to plan out these guild issues with film or entertainment attorney counsel ahead of time, could lead to problems and expenses that sometimes make it cost-prohibitive to thereafter continue with the picture’s further production.

4. CONTRACTUAL AFFAIRS GENERALLY: A film production’s agreements should all be in writing, and not saved until the last minute, as any entertainment attorney will observe. It will be more expensive to bring film counsel in, late in the day – sort of like booking an airline flight a few days before the planned travel. A film producer should remember that a plaintiff suing for breach of a bungled contract might not only seek money for damages, but could also seek the equitable relief of an injunction (translation: “Judge, stop this production… stop this motion picture… stop this film… Cut!”).

A film producer does not want to suffer a back claim for talent compensation, or a disgruntled location-landlord, or state child labor authorities – threatening to enjoin or shut the motion picture production down for reasons that could have been easily avoided by careful planning, drafting, research, and communication with one’s film lawyer or entertainment lawyer. The movie production’s agreements should be drafted with care by the entertainment attorney, and should be customized to encompass the special characteristics of the production.

As an entertainment lawyer, I have seen non-lawyer film producers try to do their own legal drafting for their own pictures. As mentioned above, some few are lucky, and remain under the proverbial radar. But consider this: if the film producer sells or options the project, one of the first things that the film distributor or film buyer (or its own film and entertainment attorney counsel) will want to see, is the “chain of title” and development and production file, complete with all signed agreements. The production’s insurance carrier may also want to see these same documents. So might the guilds, too. And their entertainment lawyers. The documents must be written so as to survive the audience.

Therefore, for a film producer to try to improvise law, is simply to put many problems off for another day, as well as create an air of non-attorney amateurism to the production file. It will be less expensive for the film producer to attack all of these issues earlier as opposed to later, through use of a film lawyer or entertainment attorney. And the likelihood is that any self-respecting film attorney and entertainment lawyer is going to have to re-draft substantial parts (if not all) of the producer’s self-drafted production file, once he or she sees what the non-lawyer film producer has done to it on his or her own – and that translates into unfortunate and wasted expense. I would no sooner want my chiropractor to draft and negotiate his own filmed motion picture contracts, than I would put myself on his table and try to crunch through my own adjustments. Furthermore, I wouldn’t do half of the chiropractic adjustment myself, and then call the chiropractor into the examining room to finish what I had started. (I use the chiropractic motif only to spare you the cliché of “performing surgery on oneself”).

There are many other reasons for retaining a film lawyer and entertainment attorney for motion picture work, and space won’t allow all of them. But the above-listed ones are the big ones.

I jumped into his car for the ride to the office Weird weather man.

Experienced traders recognize the effects of global changes on Foreign Exchange (Forex/FX) markets, stock markets and futures markets. Factors such as interest rate decisions, inflation, retail sales, unemployment, industrial productions, consumer confidence surveys, business sentiment surveys, trade balance and manufacturing surveys affect currency movement. While traders could monitor this information manually using traditional news sources, profiting from automated or algorithmic trading utilizing low latency news feeds is an often more predictable and effective trading method that can increase profitability while reducing risk.

The faster a trader can receive economic news, analyze the data, make decisions, apply risk management models and execute trades, the more profitable they can become. Automated traders are generally more successful than manual traders because the automation will use a tested rules-based trading strategy that employs money management and risk management techniques. The strategy will process trends, analyze data and execute trades faster than a human with no emotion. In order to take advantage of the low latency news feeds it is essential to have the right low latency news feed provider, have a proper trading strategy and the correct network infrastructure to ensure the fastest possible latency to the news source in order to beat the competition on order entries and fills or execution.

How Do Low Latency News Feeds Work?

Low latency news feeds provide key economic data to sophisticated market participants for whom speed is a top priority. While the rest of the world receives economic news through aggregated news feeds, bureau services or mass media such as news web sites, radio or television low latency news traders count on lightning fast delivery of key economic releases. These include jobs figures, inflation data, and manufacturing indexes, directly from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Commerce Department, and the Treasury Press Room in a machine-readable feed that is optimized for algorithmic traders.

One method of controlling the release of news is an embargo. After the embargo is lifted for news event, reporters enter the release data into electronic format which is immediately distributed in a proprietary binary format. The data is sent over private networks to several distribution points near various large cities around the world. In order to receive the news data as quickly as possible, it is essential that a trader use a valid low latency news provider that has invested heavily in technology infrastructure. Embargoed data is requested by a source not to be published before a certain date and time or unless certain conditions have been met. The media is given advanced notice in order to prepare for the release.

News agencies also have reporters in sealed Government press rooms during a defined lock-up period. Lock-up data periods simply regulate the release of all news data so that every news outlet releases it simultaneously. This can be done in two ways: “Finger push” and “Switch Release” are used to regulate the release.

News feeds feature economic and corporate news that influence trading activity worldwide. Economic indicators are used to facilitate trading decisions. The news is fed into an algorithm that parses, consolidates, analyzes and makes trading recommendations based upon the news. The algorithms can filter the news, produce indicators and help traders make split-second decisions to avoid substantial losses.

Automated software trading programs enable faster trading decisions. Decisions made in microseconds may equate to a significant edge in the market.

News is a good indicator of the volatility of a market and if you trade the news, opportunities will present themselves. Traders tend to overreact when a news report is released, and under-react when there is very little news. Machine readable news provides historical data through archives that enable traders to back test price movements against specific economic indicators.

Each country releases important economic news during certain times of the day. Advanced traders analyze and execute trades almost instantaneously when the announcement is made. Instantaneous analysis is made possible through automated trading with low latency news feed. Automated trading can play a part of a trader’s risk management and loss avoidance strategy. With automated trading, historical back tests and algorithms are utilized to select optimal entry and exit points.

Traders must know when the data will be released to know when to monitor the market. For instance, important economic data in the United States is released between 8:30 AM and 10:00 AM EST. Canada releases information between 7:00 AM and 8:30 AM. Since currencies span the globe, traders may always find a market that is open and ready for trading.

A SAMPLE of Major Economic Indicators

Consumer Price Index

Employment Cost Index

Employment Situation

Producer Price Index

Productivity and Costs

Real Earnings

U.S. Import and Export Prices

Employment & Unemployment

Where Do You Put Your Servers? Important Geographic Locations for algorithmic trading Strategies

The majority of investors that trade the news seek to have their algorithmic trading platforms hosted as close as possible to news source and the execution venue as possible. General distribution locations for low latency news feed providers include globally: New York, Washington DC, Chicago and London.

The ideal locations to place your servers are in well-connected datacenters that allow you to directly connect your network or servers to the actually news feed source and execution venue. There must be a balance of distance and latency between both. You need to be close enough to the news in order to act upon the releases however, close enough to the broker or exchange to get your order in ahead of the masses looking for the best fill.

Low Latency News Feed Providers

Thomson Reuters uses proprietary, state of the art technology to produce a low latency news feed. The news feed is designed specifically for applications and is machine readable. Streaming XML broadcast is used to produce full text and metadata to ensure that investors never miss an event.

Another Thomson Reuters news feed features macro-economic events, natural disasters and violence in the country. An analysis of the news is released. When the category reaches a threshold, the investor’s trading and risk management system is notified to trigger an entry or exit point from the market. Thomson Reuters has a unique edge on global news compared to other providers being one of the most respected business news agencies in the world if not the most respected outside of the United States. They have the advantage of including global Reuters News to their feed in addition to third-party newswires and Economic data for both the United States and Europe. The University of Michigan Survey of Consumers report is also another major news event and releases data twice monthly. Thomson Reuters has exclusive media rights to The University of Michigan data.

Other low latency news providers include: Need to Know News, Dow Jones News and Rapidata which we will discuss further when they make information regarding their services more available.

Examples of News Affecting the Markets

A news feed may indicate a change in the unemployment rate. For the sake of the scenario, unemployment rates will show a positive change. Historical analysis may show that the change is not due to seasonal effects. News feeds show that buyer confidence is increasing due the decrease in unemployment rates. Reports provide a strong indication that the unemployment rate will remain low.

With this information, analysis may indicate that traders should short the USD. The algorithm may determine that the USD/JPY pair would yield the most profits. An automatic trade would be executed when the target is reached, and the trade will be on auto-pilot until completion.

The dollar could continue to fall despite reports of unemployment improvement provided from the news feed. Investors must keep in mind that multiple factors affect the movement of the United States Dollar. The unemployment rate may drop, but the overall economy may not improve. If larger investors do not change their perception of the dollar, then the dollar may continue to fall.

The big players will typically make their decisions prior to most of the retail or smaller traders. Big player decisions may affect the market in an unexpected way. If the decision is made on only information from the unemployment, the assumption will be incorrect. Non-directional bias assumes that any major news about a country will create a trading opportunity. Directional-bias trading accounts for all possible economic indicators including responses from major market players.

Trading The News – The Bottom Line

News moves the markets and if you trade the news, you can capitalize. There are very few of us that can argue against that fact. There is no doubt that the trader receiving news data ahead of the curve has the edge on getting a solid short-term trade on momentum trade in various markets whether FX, Equities or Futures. The cost of low latency infrastructure has dropped over the past few years making it possible to subscribe to a low latency news feed and receive the data from the source giving a tremendous edge over traders watching television, the Internet, radio or standard news feeds. In a market driven by large banks and hedge funds, low latency news feeds certainly give the big company edge to even individual traders.

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